of Thinking’ views of past and contemporary philosophers are explored
concerning thinking, and the question how thinking has to be
comprehended in the light of modern developments in science and society.
Various ideas are examined with regard to thinking as an immaterial and
material process, the process of thought forming and obtaining
knowledge, the part of language in thinking and artificial intelligence.
In this research thinking is understood as a material-societal and
physical process that is part of matter. The development of thinking
shows that man is increasingly able to realise what he thinks: he makes
tools, builds devices that register his thinking, he designs systems of
artificial intelligence, he uses instru-ments to look in the distant past
(space), in the future he will use nanotechnology to carry out an
increasing number of operations on a micro level, et cetera. From these
developments it may be concluded that both thinking and matter are
inextricably connected with each other.